Surgeons will often use a bone graft material to fill bony defects which may occur secondary to trauma or bone loss from a variety of causes. These bone grafts will support and assist your bone in regenerating itself.
What is a bone graft substitute?
A bone graft substitute may be any material that is used to replace or repair bone that is missing due to trauma, disease or surgery.
Why do I need a bone graft substitute?
If you have a defect in your bone that your surgeon needs to repair or fill, he or she may choose to use a bone graft substitute to restore the defect.
Are there different types of bone graft materials?
Surgeons have a number of choices for bone grafting materials.
- Autologous bone - bone taken from another part of the patient's own body
- Allogeneic bone or allograft - bone transplanted from one individual to another of the same species with a different genotype, usually from a cadaveric donor
- Bone of xenogeneic origin - bone taken from another species, usually of animal origin. This material is cleaned, processed and sterilised according to stringent regulations to ensure their safety
- Synthetic material - artificially produced material, usually from ceramics or polymers.